- The Law of Contrast
- The Law of Reciprocation
- The Law of Commitment and Consistency
- The Law of Social Proof
- The Law of Likeability
- The Law of Authority
- The Law of Scarcity/Urgency
From the works of Robert B. Cialdini, we will be discussing 7 Laws of Unconscious Persuasion. We will build on these laws and discuss more advanced applications in future posts. Today will be a good foundation to these posts.
The Law of Contrast
This law applies to any context in which we have a choice. We will value any one particular option relative to the other options available. Our perception of the value of each option depends on the comparison of the other choices. These perceptions can be dramatically affected by which options the salesperson makes available to the client and the order in which these options are shown. For example:
Home Buying– Let’s say first you are shown a couple of houses that are run down and overpriced, then you are shown a better house with better pricing. Not only will the last option seem like the better choice, but it will feel like much more of an attractive purchase than if you were shown the same exact house without the seeing the previous run down homes. Has a realtor ever given you this experience before? If they were a top producer they would have.
Clothing- If you were shown a $100 shirt that you decided to buy and then were shown a $500 suit, the $500 price will seem relatively high compared to the $100 shirt. Interestingly, if you were shown the $500 suit first, the extra $100 for the shirt would not seem high at all compared to the previous decision of spending $500 for the suit. Do you see upsell / cross sell opportunities for your products? Are you or all your sales people making presentations and offers in the correct order?
Key to this law: Start with a frame of reference which is much higher than what you really want them to end up doing.
The Law of Reciprocation
People feel a burning desire to repay a favor given to them. An easy example of this strategy is going to the store and receiving a ‘free sample’. After receiving the gift often times you will return the favor by purchasing the product. Often charities use this approach by sending you mailing labels prior to any donation with a letter that asks for one. How can you use this strategy in your business? Can you build stronger relationships with your best clients by giving them more of your time and attention?
Key to this law: The more you do and the more often you do it, the more internal pressure is built inside. Don’t stop at the initial free offer.
The Law of Commitment & Consistency
Once we commit to a particular point of view or action, we need to remain consistent with it. We have been programmed by society that being consistent is congruent to being honest and respected. People who are inconsistent are thought to be hypocrites or liars.
Keys to this law:
- The easiest way to get someone to purchase something is to demonstrate that not buying would be inconsistent with who they are, what they believe in, and what they value.
- Small commitments lead to larger commitments down the road.
The Law of Social Proof
If enough people are doing something then we believe it to be, not only acceptable, but appropriate behavior. This is especially true in situations in which we are unsure of what is acceptable or appropriate. People tend to move with the crowd. If you can show that the crowd is buying your products or services then it will be an unconscious motivator for your prospects to buy as well.
Key to this law: Referrals, endorsements, testimonials, and references all demonstrate that others are going with you and that they should too. Use them often.
The Law of Likeability
People most like to say yes to people they know and like. My addition to this is that they also like to say yes to people that they would like to be like (people they respect). If we, as prospects, find that the sales person is similar to us then trust is established. We assume that their values and beliefs are similar as well and we are more comfortable to comply because we can trust them.
Key to this law: Rapport must be established before any sale can be made. Look for similarities in who they are as a person, what they believe in, and what they value. The salesperson just talking about fishing isn’t doing justice to this law.
The Law of Authority
We will do almost anything if it is commanded by authority. In order to persuade you must lead. In order to lead, you must establish authority. There is a teacher/student, boss/employee, doctor/patient, parent/child social status in every relationship. The authority role can change back and forth depending on the environment. For example: The President of the United States normally would be the authority yet today he goes to the doctor and the doctor becomes the authority in that moment.
Key to this law: Become the authority in your field, strive to become the industry leader. Have your salespeople demonstrate their expertise every moment they can. This is the only way your customers can confidently take their recommendations to buy.
The Law of Scarcity/Urgency
People want what they cannot have. They want to have exclusive things that others can’t get their hands on. Things that aren’t generally appealing become more appealing when these items will soon become unavailable. Look at how the value of paintings go up after the artist is deceased. Are you using this powerful law in your business?
Key to this law: People are more motivated by the thought of losing something than by the thought of gaining something in equal value.
Your goal is to use as many of these laws as often as possible in a strategic way to create a better customer experience, boost brand loyalty, increase revenues, and build market share. Now that you have an understanding of these laws, it will serve as a foundation for more advanced applications that we will discuss in future posts.